download Textbooks The architecture of closed worldsAutor Lydia Kallipoliti –

What do outer space capsules, submarines, and office buildings have in common Each is conceived as a closed system a self sustaining physical environment demarcated from its surroundings by a boundary that does not allow for the transfer of matter or energy Contemporary discussions about global warming, recycling, and sustainability have emerged as direct conceptual constructs related to the study and analysis of closed systems From the space program to countercultural architectural groups experimenting with autonomous living, this publication documents a discipli nary transformation and the rise of a new environmental consensus in the form of a synthetic naturalism It presents an archive ofhistorical living prototypes fromto the present that put forth an unexplored genealogy of closed resource regeneration systems Prototypes are presented through unique discursive narratives with historical images, and each includes new analysis in the form of a feedback drawing that problematizes the language of environmental representation by illustrating loss, derailment, and the production of new substances and atmospheresLydia Kallipoliti is an architect, engineer and writer, currently Assistant Professor Adjunct at the Cooper Union and at Columbia University in New York She is the principal of ANAcycle thinktank based in Brooklyn, New York, and the recipient of numerous awards including a silver medal in the W international awards for digital innovation in environmental awareness